July 14th, 2020

Fabric Coating Design Factors for a Booming Market

LDPE/PP blends co-extrusion station with screw removal adapters

Innovation is essential in driving growth for the $22 billion global fabric coating market.  Applications encompass products we often take for granted including house wrap, fabric buildings, advertisement banners, aviation evacuation, waste management systems and reservoir liners. As the fabric coating segment continues to evolve, processors should be prepared to take advantage of the exciting opportunities ahead. This blog covers key machine design considerations to ensure quality products and flexibility to participate in growth.

Machine Design Considerations

First and foremost, it’s important to understand the vital role each major component in a fabric coating line plays in ensuring a positive outcome. Extrusion system design is central in terms of polymers used, outputs, coating thickness, blending and drying. Co-extrusion arrangements allow for operational flexibility, which is significant as processors seek to expand their product offering. Roll and shaft handling influences diameters and cycle times during roll changes. Web handling capabilities determine line speeds and tension ranges.

When evaluating machine design, both product structure and output requirements must be addressed. This is especially important for high-volume applications such as lumber and metal wrap, house wrap and tarpaulines, and high-value engineered textile composites such as protective garments, footwear and evacuation systems. The following are guidelines to assist in assessing existing equipment and determining upgrades to support fabric coating processes.

Extrusion System

  • Polymers being used:
    • PE / PP blends vs. TPU / PA / TPO, etc.
  • Extrusion system features:
    • Extruder motor and gearbox ratio with correct torque to process a wide range of polymers
    • Screw removal features to minimize downtime during screw changes
    • Filtration requirement (breaker plate, hydraulic screen changer, candle filter)
    • Resin blending; in-line gravimetric vs. off-line batch
    • Resin drying; TPU and CaCO3
    • Extruder output range (do not oversize the extruder)
    • Polymer coating thickness range (evaluate die technology)

Roll and Shaft Handling

  • Cycle time and handling features:
    • No more than five changes per hour or every 12 minutes
    • Roll and shaft handing available
    • Shaft-less capabilities available
  • Tension control parameters:
    • Not to exceed 10:1 ratio between core O.D. and roll diameter
  • Minimum roll diameter requirement:
    • High-speed auto splicing requires 15 to 10 inches (380-500mm) per minute

Web Handling

  • Process speed range:
    • Tension control not to exceed 15-20:1 turndown ratio
  • Web tension factors:
    • Use the least amount of web tension to transport the web
    • Total web tension should not exceed 10:1 ratio
    • Minimum web width; concerns with bending web transport rolls
    • Two sets of load cells or web paths to assist in wide tension range
    • Web isolation units assist high process tension points
  • Web treatment:
    • Adhesion between the coating/substrate and substrate/ink via corona/flame/ozone treatment or pre-heat web to activate the primer
    • Use a web cleaner to remove dirt

Davis-Standard offers process optimization action plans by doing on-site audits to affirm customer confidence. Contact marketing if you wish to set up an appointment.

Do not hesitate to contact our service team if you need assistance (844 MYDAVIS).

Stay safe and healthy! For any other questions, e-mail marketing.



The D-S Connect Blog Team

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8 Replies to “Fabric Coating Design Factors for a Booming Market”

    1. Good afternoon Yazeed. We’re happy to share more info. Is there something, in particular, you would like us to expand on?

  1. Sir is it possible to extrude tpu on non woven fabric with your extruder coating lines and use it for PPE kits?

    1. Good afternoon Shurun: Thank you for your inquiry. We do not extrude TPU, we only provide the equipment to customers that make the product. Please let us know if it is the equipment you would like more information on and we will be sure to get you in touch with the appropriate person.

  2. Thanks for reply Sir.Please let me know more about the equipment.I want to know more details about it .Thank you.

    1. Hi Shurun: Thank you kindly for your inquiry. I have sent your request over to our fabric coating team. Someone will reach out to discuss further on the equipment. Hope you have a great day!

    1. Hi Bruce – Thank you for your inquiry. Our team fabric coating team responded with the following:
      “There are some customers that have modified our machines to accept spray systems ( WEKO, ITW, etc.). We do not know the materials being processed through these systems and it’s our customer’s proprietary information. Depending on the materials processed, adhesion can be a challenge at times.”
      Please let us know if you have additional questions.

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